Niobium quarter-wave resonator with the optimized shape for quantum information systems
RadiaBeam Technologies LLC, Santa Monica, USA
2 National Research Nuclear University “MEPhI”, Moscow, Russia
3 Pritzker School of Molecular Engineering, University of Chicago, Chicago, USA
4 Argonne National Laboratory, Lemont, USA
5 Present address: Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, USA
* e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 7 April 2020
Published online: 17 April 2020
Quantum computers (QC), if realized, could disrupt many computationally intense fields of science. The building block element of a QC is a quantum bit (qubit). Qubits enable the use of quantum superposition and multi-state entanglement in QC calculations, allowing a QC to simultaneously perform millions of computations at once. However, quantum states stored in a qubit degrade with decreased quality factors and interactions with the environment. One technical solution to improve qubit lifetimes and network interactions is a circuit comprised of a Josephson junction-based qubit located inside of a high Q-factor superconducting 3D cavity.
It is known that niobium resonators can reach . However, existing cavity geometries are optimized for particle acceleration rather than hosting qubits. RadiaBeam Technologies, in collaboration with Argonne National Laboratory and The University of Chicago, has developed a niobium superconducting radio frequency quarter-wave resonant cavity (QWR) for quantum computation. A 6 GHz QWR was optimized to include tapering of the inner and outer conductors, a toroidal shape for the resonator shorting plane, and an inner conductor tip to reduce parasitic capacitance. In this paper, we present the results of the resonator design optimization, fabrication, processing, and testing.
© The Author(s), 2020