Deep reinforcement learning for universal quantum state preparation via dynamic pulse control
College of Physics and Optoelectronic Engineering, Ocean University of China, Qingdao, China
Accepted: 13 December 2021
Published online: 20 December 2021
Accurate and efficient preparation of quantum state is a core issue in building a quantum computer. In this paper, we investigate how to prepare a certain single- or two-qubit target state from arbitrary initial states in semiconductor double quantum dots with only a few discrete control pulses by leveraging the deep reinforcement learning. Our method is based on the training of the network over numerous preparing tasks. The results show that once the network is well trained, it works for any initial states in the continuous Hilbert space. Thus repeated training for new preparation tasks is avoided. Our scheme outperforms the traditional optimization approaches based on gradient with both the higher efficiency and the preparation quality in discrete control space. Moreover, we find that the control trajectories designed by our scheme are robust against stochastic fluctuations within certain thresholds, such as the charge and nuclear noises.
Key words: Quantum control / Quantum state preparation / Semiconductor double quantum dots / Deep reinforcement learning
© The Author(s) 2021
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